Connectionism is an approach in the fields of artificial intelligence, cognitive psychology/cognitive science, neuroscience and philosophy of mind, that models mental or behavioral phenomena as the emergent processes of interconnected networks of simple units. There are many forms of connectionism, but the most common forms use neural network models.

Intelligent Control
Biologically-Inspired Computing
Natural Computation

Standford Encyclopedia of Philosophy:
Connectionism is a movement in cognitive science which hopes to explain human intellectual abilities using artificial neural networks (also known as ‘neural networks’ or ‘neural nets’). Neural networks are simplified models of the brain composed of large numbers of units (the analogs of neurons) together with weights that measure the strength of connections between the units.

Category - Artificial Intelligence
Note that Scholarpedia is using of the term AI to indicate Real AI. There is no existing article for the subject of AI per se. In fact, the Category for Logic is almost empty. Scholarpedia's conception of AI is more like swarm intelligence or a game theoretic version of artificial life.

No less valid of course, but it aids clarity to retain the distinction of AI as logic, even if the logic is in a weaker form such as abduction or fuzzy logic.

Category - Artificial Life
Agent-Based Modeling


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